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Enescu, Op. 7 & 29

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  • Gidon Kremer, Kremerata Baltica Tour US

    Gidon Kremer and his Kremerata Baltica chamber orchestra begin a rare, six-city US tour at the 92nd Street Y's Kaufmann Concert Hall in NYC tonight, followed by performances at Davies Symphony Hall in San Francisco, Stude Concert Hall in Houston, Hill Auditorium in Ann Arbor, Harris Theater in Chicago, and Ordway Center in St. Paul. The tour program features works by Weinberg, Pärt, Britten, and Shostakovich, including his satiric comic opera Antiformal Rayok, with bass Alexei Mochalov.

  • Carnegie Hall 2014–15 Season to Include Jeremy Denk, Richard Goode, Gidon Kremer, Kronos Quartet, Audra McDonald

    Carnegie Hall has announced its 2014–15 concert season, and featured among the performers taking the esteemed hall's stages are a number of artists familiar to readers of the Nonesuch Journal, including Jeremy Denk, Richard Goode, Gidon Kremer, Kronos Quartet, and Audra McDonald, as well as an all–Steve Reich program and the New York premiere of a work by Jonny Greenwood.

About this Album

The distinguished violinist Gidon Kremer leads members of his young chamber ensemble Kremerata Baltica in performances of the Octet for Strings, Op. 7, and Quintet for Piano and Strings, Op. 29, by Romanian composer Georges Enescu. This recording, their fifth release for the label, was released on May 21, 2002, following a recent Grammy Award for their 2001 release After Mozart

The two works featured on this recording—one from very early in the composer’s career, the other a mature creation—offer profound evidence of Enescu’s technical assurance and distinctive voice. Born in 1881 in Liveni, Romania, Enescu was a child prodigy who entered the Vienna Conservatory as a violinist at the age of seven. Graduating at age 10, he performed the music of Brahms under the composer’s direction and witnessed performances of Wagner’s music led by legendary conductor Hans Richter. Both composers would remain influential, lifelong passions. Enescu continued his studies under Massenet and Fauré at the Paris Conservatory, where his classmates included composer Maurice Ravel, pianist Alfred Cortot and violinist Jacques Thibaud. The first concert of his compositions took place in Paris in 1897.

Active as a composer throughout his life (though he only published 33 works), Enescu was best known in the United States as a virtuoso violin soloist, chamber musician and conductor (who was once considered as a successor to Toscanini in New York). He was also a leading pedagogue, counting Yehudi Menuhin and Dinu Lipatti among his most prominent pupils. Aside from his two popular Romanian Rhapsodies, however, Enescu’s compositions have suffered from neglect over the years since his death.

Written in 1900, Enescu’s Octet for Strings combines the chromatic richness prevalent in Vienna at the time with a refined sense of formal structure. After World War I, he was increasingly influenced by the folk music of his native Romania, the effect of which is subtly echoed in the Quintet for Piano and Strings of 1940, heard here in its first recording. In the hands of Kremer and his ensemble, both works are revealed to be masterful and distinctive pieces that deserve to be more widely known.

Kremerata Baltica—whom the Los Angeles Times calls, “extraordinary young players ... they animate everything their bows touch”—was founded by Gidon Kremer in 1996. An orchestra of young musicians from the three Baltic States, they first performed in Riga, Latvia in February 1997 and have gone on to tour throughout the world. Kremer had long sought to share his rich artistic experience with young musicians in his native Latvia and the Baltic region, and was prompted to form a more lasting relationship with the artists, as a way to give back to the community that fostered his own musical growth. Kremer, who acts as the group’s artistic director, said, in an interview for the New York Times, that it functions as “a musical democracy ... open-minded, self-critical, a continuation of my musical spirit.”

Credits

MUSICIANS
Gidon Kremer, violin
with
Dzeraldas Bidva, violin
Ula Ulijona, viola
Marta Sudraba, cello
Andrius Zlabys, piano

Kremerata Baltica:
Gidon Kremer, solo violin and artistic director
Violin: Dzeraldas Bidva, Eva Bindere*, Migle Diksaitiene, Andrejs Golikovs, Inga Gylyte, Elo Ivask, Miroslava Kotorovych, Marija Nemanyte, Sandis Steinbergs, Andrei Valigura*, Sanita Zarina*
Viola: Janis Lielbardis*, Ula Ulijona*, Vidas Vekerotas, Zita Zemovica
Cello: Peteris Cirksis, Giedre Dirvanauskaite, Eriks Kirsfelds*, Marta Sudraba*
Bass: Danielis Rubinas

*Octet performers

PRODUCTION CREDITS
Produced by Helmut Mühle and Gidon Kremer
Edited by Gudrun Maurer

Octet, opus 7
Recorded June 2000 at Angelika-Kauffmann-Saal, Schwarzenberg, Austria
Engineer: Philipp Nedel
Assistant Engineer: Jörg Mohr
Production Coordinator: Matteo Tradardi

Quintet, opus 29
Recorded November 2001 at Probesaal der Philharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz, Ludwigshafen, Germany
Engineer: Niels Müller
Assistant Engineer: Sibylle Strobel
Production Coordinator: Sonia Simmenauer

Design by Evan Gaffney
Cover photograph: Suspended Vine, Marly, France, 1995 by Michael Kenna/Maconochie Photography

Executive Producer: Robert Hurwitz

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